file

file
I UK [faɪl] / US noun [countable]
Word forms "file":
singular file plural files
***
1)
a) a set of papers, documents, or records that you keep because they contain information

The insurance company may want to check your medical files.

keep/hold a file on something/someone:

The company keeps personal files on all its employees.

file on:

The police file on this particular case has now been closed.

on file (= kept in a file):

We have all your details on file.

b) computing a set of information on a computer

First, you have to create a new file.

I've forgotten the name of the file.

2) a metal tool used for making wood or metal smooth
3) a line of people walking or standing behind each other
4) a box or container in which papers are kept together

II UK [faɪl] / US verb
Word forms "file":
present tense I/you/we/they file he/she/it files present participle filing past tense filed past participle filed
**
1) [intransitive] if people file somewhere, they walk there in a line

The soldiers filed past the podium.

file into/across etc:

Students filed into the lecture hall.

2) [transitive] to put a document into a container with other documents

Please file the invoices in chronological order.

file something under something:

Letters of complaint are filed under "problems".

3) file or file down
[transitive] to rub something with a metal tool in order to make it smooth or to cut it

She sat quietly filing her nails.

file through something:

They had somehow managed to file through the metal bars.

4)
a) [transitive] to take official action, for example to make an official complaint

The family has filed a lawsuit against the company.

b) to send something official, for example a report to a newspaper
Phrasal verbs:

English dictionary. 2014.

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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • filé — filé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • File — Aktuelle Version: 5.01 (30. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Multiplattform Kategorie: Remote Access Lizenz: GPL …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — Aktuelle Version 5.09 (16. September 2011) Betriebssystem Multiplattform Kategorie Remote Access Lizenz BSD Lizenz Deutschsprachig nein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — 1 vb filed, fil·ing vt 1 a: to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records esp. as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding filed a tax return a financing… …   Law dictionary

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe[ o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File 13 — is a euphemism for the trash can. The phrase is especially used in the U.S. military, and is less common outside of the United States. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the expression round file or circular file is more common (in reference to …   Wikipedia

  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

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